In this my blog post am going to guide you on how to brooding management in poultry and taking care of chicks without encountering any mortality
What is brooding period?
This is the period at which the day old chicks are kept in a closed structure with enough supply of heat and a conditioning is been controlled.
Before proceeding further, let us consider the general requirements of an ideal brooding house.
SITTING AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS OF A BROODER HOUSE
The brooding house is usually sited in an open environment for proper air circulation. The site is first cleared before laying the structure. For a standard brooding house, the structure must be made up of at least eight couches of six inches block, properly roofed, the ceiling covered with asbestos, with enough window openings for ventilation, with two doors and the window openings are covered with alumaco so as to check for air and heat circulation. Each partition is usually separate with a galvanized iron pipe and a standard brooding house measures 30 feet by 60 feet and will contain two heaters so as to prevent some infectious diseases. Under the conditions above the brooding house will contain a maximum of three thousand five hundred chicks.
PERIOD OF BROODING
The period of Brooding starts with the booking of the day old chicks (DOC),This day old chick depends solely on the verities you want, this verities include,sunchil, agrited or amo ( mostly patronized by classic farmz though classic farmz is seriously working towards the installation of her already acquired hatchery plant). This is followed up with the counting of the chicks in each carton because some will not be complete ( each carton contains 50 chicks), after which a mixture of water, glucose and vitamin will be supplied to them. This is to ensure that they have enough strength to survive in the new environment and the heater which must already been filled with charcoal will be charged and placed at intervals inside the brooding house. This is because the chicks have less feather and must need a temperature of twenty five to thirty (25-30) degree Celsius to survive.
In the second day, there water will be mixed with doxygen a very strong antibiotics to heal their placenta and prevent diseases which might arise from hatching or exposure to harsh weather.
The proper supply of starter feeds like HYBRID which always come crumble form, NEW HOPE pellet and CHIKUN pellet must be observed to ensure optimal growth of the chicks.
WHY DO WE COMBINE FEED
The major reason why we combine feed in classic farmz is because the percentage content of the feed is different so in other words will give us the best result.
How they respond to weather changes determines other medications that will be given to them in subsequent days. The already spread sour dust will be cleaned anytime there is a perceived changes in the brooding house. This must not be allowed to get worst so as to prevent the out break of COCCIDIOSIS disease. At the completion of their one week of brooding the chicks will be starved with water for two hours before they will be vaccinated.
METHODS OF VACCINATION DURING BROODING
There are two methods of vaccinating the chicks. The two methods are: vaccination by dropping and by water mixing.
VACCINATION BY DROPPING
In this method of vaccination, the chicks will not be starved at all, after which the vaccine will be dropped into the mouth or eyes of each chick.
Though this method of vaccination is time consuming and requires the service of a high skilled vaccinator, it is the most effective method of vaccinating the chicks because it does not encourage the survival of the fittest, and it ensures that all the chicks are properly vaccinated unlike the water mixture method. The negative side of this method is that some of the chicks might not survive the stress of opening there mouths and might die some days after the vaccination. But to prevent this you have to administer glucose to them after vaccination.
WATER MIXTURE METHOD OF VACCINATION
In this method, the drinkers are removed and the chicks are starved of water for two hours before they will be supplied with a mixture of water and the vaccine. Though this method does not require the service of a skilled vaccinator, it encourages the survival of the fittest and some of the chicks may not consume the mixture so as to get vaccinated and some of them might die while struggling to taste the mixture. Those that were not vaccinated unintentionally will suffer from new castle disease or the likes either in the brooding stage or in the finishing stage.But to prevent this death you add enough food to their feeder tray after their drinkers have been removed prior to vaccination then add glucose to their water after vaccination.
ISOLATION OF SICK OR INFECTED CHICKS
This involves the separation of any sick or infected chicks from the rest to avoid others being infected. The infected or sick chicks are kept in a different cage or separated with box where proper medical care will be taken on them.
All things being equal, if the above steps are properly taken you will conquer the brooding stage with zero mortality.