In this blog post, we will be talking about the common poultry diseases and symptoms, how to identify them and the best vaccine/treatment for all.
How do you feel if you can raise an organic poultry production without the use of laboratory drugs and vaccines? It’s quite cool right and money savings also it gives a natural solution to poultry diseases and illness. This is done with the use of herbal medicines!
Common Diseases in Poultry
A variety of diseases affect poultry of all kinds, ages and sexes. But certain ailments primarily strike laying hens.
These diseases cause reproductive issues and can kill your bird. Practicing good preventive measures can reduce the chances of your hens becoming ill.
These include quarantining new hens for at least three weeks before introducing them to your flock.
How To Know That Your Birds Are Sick?
Below are signs that your poultry birds are suffering from a certain disease or illness:
- You will find them Dull
- They will reduce feed intake
- You will see your birds have reduced water intake
- The birds will have low egg production
- If they ‘re still young, the rate of growth will be reduced.
- The feathers of the bird will be rough.
Now let’s get hand in work with good analysis.
You will find them dull
Even in human being, if a child looks so dull that shows that something is wrong with him or her. Likewise your birds also
You need to pay much attention to your birds if you examine any of them looking so dull them take a quick step to safe their life.
Read also: Cost of rearing 100 broilers in Nigeria
They will reduce feed intake
If you observe that your poultry birds are not responding to feed just know something is wrong somewhere.
Poultry birds like food a lot, so there must be a tangible reason if they refuse to eat well.
This is another great way to identify common poultry disease.
You will see your birds have reduced water intake
Birds generally don’t really like water the way they show affections to feed though they take water but not much.
If you ever observe that your birds refused to take water, it’s a sign that your birds not feeling fine and quick action must be taken.
The birds will have low egg production
In layers, or any other type of poultry birds that lay eggs, there are some certain disease that cause low egg productions.
If you observe your birds not laying as they were used to, take a quick action to observe what is wrong.
Rate of growth
The rate of growth in poultry birds may be inflated by some certain diseases or illnesses. That’s why you need to give them a vaccine when they are still young.
A healthy bird will feed very well, and with the good feed, they have a better chance to grow very fast.
Ensure to give them vaccine and drugs while they are still young.
The feathers of the birds will be rough
Oh yes, this is a common sign of poultry disease. It may be coccidiosis or any other disease.
Ensure to vaccinate your birds against the deadly disease, as feather rough could lead to death if care is not taken.
SPREAD OF DISEASE
A disease can spread rapidly among chickens because they are usually kept together in a cage or chicken house. They also share the same feeders and drinkers, which can spread disease and infections from sick to healthy chickens.
In an intensive system, we place a great deal of pressure on the chickens to grow fast and to lay many eggs. This situation can cause disease to spread resulting in a lot of damage because of the stress the chickens’ experience.
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO DISEASE
Factors that can contribute to disease include management, environment and the chickens themselves
Poor-quality food and water
- Poor hygiene and inadequate cleaning programme
- Leaking drinkers
- Rat and fly problems
- Overcrowding of chicks
WHAT YOU MUST DO AT FIRST SIGN OF COMMON POULTRY DISEASE
You must act quickly at the first signs of disease. The chickens must be treated, and management that may have led to the problem must be corrected to prevent the disease from occurring again
Consult your animal health technician or ethno veterinarian to help you find a correct solution to your problem as soon as possible
Call your animal health technician or ethno veterinarian,they may slaughter some of the sick chickens and cut them open. They will also cut open dead chickens and carry out post mortem
They may take blood,stool or egg samples, depending on the disease. The samples taken will be sent to a laboratory.
You and your animal health technician or Ethno veterinarian should then go through the entire system to identify possible problems in the management and environment that can be corrected.
There are not many forms of treatment or in certain cases no treatment for some diseases, which is why prevention is so important
The treatment will depend on the cause of the disease
If it is at all possible, try to isolate all sick chickens from the healthy ones daily. The sick chickens should be handled and treated last to prevent the spread of the disease
Correct management problems.
GENERAL PREVENTION FOR COMMON POULTRY DISEASE AND SYMTOPS
Diseases can be prevented through management, environmental and chicken factors
Below are the best management to correct common poultry disease:
- Apply correct methods for raising young chicks (temperature, food, water, bedding)
- Disinfect and clean the housing of the different groups of chicks
- Maintain the correct stocking density (avoid over-crowding)
- Use the best-quality feed that is available and provide clean water daily
- Use bedding that is not dusty
- Prevent the buildup of gases by cleaning and ventilation.
- Control rats and flies
- Ensure that no people from outside your farm visit the chicken house
- Have bird-proof houses to keep out wild birds that eat the feed and bring diseases to your chickens
Ensure that the building or house you are going to use is large enough for your chickens
Fix leaky water troughs
Feed and drinkers should be cleaned daily and fresh food and water should be supplied
Dust causes irritation of the respiratory tract and the environment must therefore not be dusty
Use cages for laying hens that do not have sharp edges that can injure the hens. Make sure that there is sufficient space per hen.
Get only first-grade chicks from a good, reliable supplier
Vaccinate chicks against important diseases
Keep chickens of the same age together in one pen
There are four main types of disease affecting poultry: metabolic and nutritional diseases; infectious diseases; parasitic diseases; and behavioural diseases.
Metabolic and nutritional diseases
These are conditions caused by a disturbance of normal metabolic functions either through a genetic defect, equate or inappropriate nutrition or impaired nutrient utilisation.
An infectious disease is any disease caused by the invasion of a host by a pathogen which subsequently grows and multiplies in the body.
Infectious diseases are often contagious, which means they can spread directly or indirectly from one living thing to another
Parasitic diseases are infections or infestations with parasitic organisms.
They are often contacted through contact with an intermediate vector but may occur as the result of direct exposure. A parasite is an organism that lives in or on and takes its nourishment from, another organism.
A parasite cannot live independently.
Lice and Mites
Parasitic Worms (or Helminths).
Abnormal behavioural patterns can lead to injury or ill health of the abnormally behaving bird and/or its companions.
These include Cannibalism (or aggressive pecking).
List of some common poultry diseases Poultry can be affected by many types of disease, and a wide variety of pests (and behavioural problems) including those in the list below.
Diseases caused by Mycoplasmas
Mycoplasmosis – MG (Mycoplasma gallisepticum;
MG infection; Chronic Respiratory
Diseases caused by Bacteria
Diseases caused by Protozoa
Diseases caused by Internal Parasites
Capillary worms Tape worms
Diseases caused by External Parasites
Several types of lice
Several types of mites
Diseases caused by environmental factors Cannibalism (or aggressive pecking)
Caged Layer Fatigue
HOW TO NOTICE SOME OF THESE DISEASES
Bellow arv tips to notice each of the common poultry diseases:
Egg Drop Syndrome
The only signs of egg drop syndrome appear in the eggs. Laying hens who outwardly appear healthy will begin producing eggs that either Lack shells or have too-thin ones.
Some hens might experience diarrhea shortly before thin-shelled eggs start appearing.
Egg drop syndrome can pass from asymptomatic hens to their otherwise healthy chicks, the chicks spreading the virus in their stool.
While no treatment exists for egg drop syndrome, a hen will usually resume quality egg production after she has undergone mounting.
Conclusion on identification of common poultry diseases and symptoms
Indeed as a poultry farmer you need to get your self familiar with common poultry diseases so as to know the best steps to take when sighted.
Take vaccine and drugs more serious as at when due so as to avoid outbreak of those diseases mentioned above.
What are your thoughts on this post about how to identify common poultry disease? Don’t forget to share out to a farmer friend!