January 24, 2021



Pepper Farming: How to start and make money (2020 updated)

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pepper farming
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Pepper Farming is one of the most lucrative agribusinesses in USA, India, Nigeria, Uganda and some African countries. This is because pepper is a daily consumption just like water, pepper is also inevitable in our daily consumptions.

The demand for pepper in the market makes it more lucrative to pepper farmers, especially those who practise dry season pepper farming in Nigeria, Uganda, USA and co.


What is pepper? (Piper Nigrum)

Pepper which belongs to the family of Piperaceae is a flowering fruit grown in the family called Piper Nigrum, it’s well known among africa and some others continents. Pepper is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning.

When eaten raw, it has a hot peppery taste and some health benefits. Below are some health benefit of pepper:

Pepper Health Benefits

It’s cool to participate in pepper farming because of the health benefits backing it:

  • Pepper has anti-inflamatory properties
  • It has versatile spice
  • It works against cattarh
  • Pepper may increase memory capacity
  • Pepper lower cholestrol levels.

What is Black pepper?

According to wikipedia, Black pepper is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, known as a peppercorn, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. When fresh and fully mature, the fruit is about 5 mm in diameter and dark red, and contains a single seed, like all drupes.

Can too much of black pepper kill you

Yes, black pepper can kill you! If a black pepper enters into your lung, it runs into blood and cause death. Though this is not something common but there’s a possibility it can cause dealth.

How to start Pepper farming in Nigeria?

Pepper farming in Nigeria is indeed one of the most lucrative agribusinesses in Nigeria especially when practiced in the dry season.

Without wasting more time let’s go deep and give possible analysis to run a successful pepper farming business in Nigeria which are:

  • Pepper farming business plan
  • Acquire fertile piece of land
  • Clear your land for cultivation
  • Prepare your seedlings and transplant
  • Fertilize the plant
  • Harvest your pepper fruits
  • Market your pepper fruits and make money.

If all these properly managed, you will surely make good profit planting pepper in Nigeria.

Pepper Farming Business Plan

Just as every other businesses, pepper farming also requires a well prepared business guiding for a profitable and successful business.

To plan for pepper farming business, you

Acquire fertile pieces of land

To practice pepper farming business, you would need a fertile land for your pepper plant to thrive well though with addition of manure or requisite fertilizer.

The area of land to be acquired is directly proportional to the quantity of pepper to be produced. Meaning that, the quantity of land acquired will determine number of pepper fruits you will produce at the end.

I would advise you to start with at least 3 plots of land with 4feet by 4feet square spacing, plant 1200 avenir stands by squeezing them into those 3 plots of land. Don’t forget to prepare your seedlings seperately before transplanting to your pepper bed.

Clear your land for cultivation

either you plan to go for small scale pepper farming business or on a large scale, it’s a must you clear your land before you can plant your pepper fruits.

Clearing can be done in many ways, you could make use of tractors if your farm is a bigger type or manual clearing if your farmland is not more than 3 plots of land. If you can’t do manual work your self, you can pay workers (Agatu) to clear it for you.

Upon land clearing, the next for you is to prepare pepper bedding and mix up with manure (optional) Poultry dungs is more preferably.

Prepare your seedlings and Transplant


You would need to prepare your nursery in either take away plastic or any available container by broadcasting method then keep it safe from where rat, ant, lizard can’t easily pick the seed. Transplant after 2 weeks of germination.

It has become seedlings so transplanting should follow,

Fertilize the plant

Fertilizers are substances that boost plant when added to plant. It gives plant the correct nutrition they need to thrive well, it also increase the chance of pepper.

Pepper doesn’t really need fertilizer to germinate very well, though if you make use of fertilizer it increase the chance of high yield in pepper farming. Below are some list of tested fertilizer for pepper plant.

Buy from amazon

Poultry dungs can be use as a manure to increase the chance of high yield in pepper plant. Also goat or cow poo can serve the same option.

It’s very simple to use, before transplanting your seedlings gather your dungs or any other animal manure then munch with your seed bed, mix it very well, water it very well.

Allow it to cool for like 3 days before you introduce your seedlings, transplant very well and wet it again.

Ensure you water your plant twice a day and be very sensitive incase you see any form of ants or disease, quick action should be taken.

Harvest your pepper fruits

Pepper mature and ready for harvest after 100 days of transplanting. Be very vigilant because harvesting period is very important to farmers.

Animals, human are other predatos visit pepper farm more often during harvesting period. Harvsting can be done manualy or with the use of machine. Yes! There is a machine that harvest fruit from tree (It’s sensitive to ripening colour of the fruits)

Pepper should be harvested and store inside a basket so fresh air can brethe within. It is more advisable to harvest your pepper when it has not really ripe so it won’t get roten quick.

Check amazon for best knife to harvest your pepper

Market your pepper friuts and make money

Marketing should be done prio to harvesting, this is to gather potential buyers ahead of harvesting. And marketing can be done in many ways these are as follows:

  • Online Marketing
  • Offline Marketing
Online Pepper farming marketing

This is done by promoting and advertising your pepper fruits online either on social media, agro forum, agro blogs and so on.

It’s very easy to come across buyers because the rate at which people use social media nowadays is increasing. But make sure you package your promote to suit the standard taste of people.

You could process it into pepper paste or grind powdered form then give it packaging. If you can package it very, you would be amaze with the way order will be rolling in.

Offline Marketing

This include reaching out to people in market place, offices, house to house advertisement. You may also sell to those who will resell it in the market or restaurant.

Don’t forget you can make nothing less than 60k on a monthly basis if properly managed and market.

Conclusion on Pepper farming Business in Nigeria

Indeed pepper farming in Nigeria is lucrative business you can tap into to make extra cash within a short period of time. This business thrive well during dry season when farmers will be lazy to plant and you make use of the opportunity.

I have provide you with the best guide to start pepper farming business in Nigeria but if would preferred our step by step practical guide then you can get it from one of our seller here.

What are your thoughts on pepper farming in Nigeria? Don’t forget to share with friends and family!

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A USA resourceful blogger and a livestock farmer
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